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Mitchell, M. A., Adamson, T. W., Singleton, C. B., Roundtree, M. K., Bauer, R. W., & Acierno, M. J. (2007). Evaluation of a combination of sodium hypochlorite and polyhexamethylene biguanide as an egg wash for red-eared slider turtles (trachemys scripta elegans) to suppress or eliminate salmonella organisms on egg surfaces and in hatchlings. American Journal of Veterinary Research, 68(2), 158–164. 
Added by: Admin (14 Aug 2008 20:31:53 UTC)
Resource type: Journal Article
BibTeX citation key: Mitchell2007
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Categories: General
Keywords: Bakterien = bacteria, Emydidae, Schildkröten = turtles + tortoises, Trachemys, Trachemys scripta, Veterinärmedizin = veterinary medicine, Zeitigung = incubation
Creators: Acierno, Adamson, Bauer, Mitchell, Roundtree, Singleton
Collection: American Journal of Veterinary Research
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Objective-To evaluate a combination of 2 nonantibiotic microbicide compounds, sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) and polyhexamethylene biguanide (PHMB), as a treatment to suppress or eliminate Salmonella spp from red-eared slider (RES) turtle (Trachemys scripta elegans) eggs and hatchlings. Sample Population-2,738 eggs from 8 turtle farms in Louisiana. Procedures-Eggs were randomly sorted into 3 or, when sufficient eggs were available, 4 treatment groups as follows: control, pressure-differential egg treatment with NaOCl and gentamicin, NaOCl and PHMB bath treatment, and pressure-differential egg treatment with NaOCl and PHMB. Bacterial cultures were performed from specimens of eggs and hatchlings and evaluated for Salmonella spp. Results-RES turtle eggs treated with NaOCl and PHMB as a bath (odds ratio , 0.2 ) or as a pressure-differential dip (OR, 0.01 ) or with gentamicin as a pressure-differential dip (OR, 0.1 ) were significantly less likely to have Salmonella-positive culture results than control-group eggs. Conclusions and Clinical Relevance-Concern over reptile-associated salmonellosis in children in the United States is so great that federal regulations prohibit the sale of turtles that are < 10.2 cm in length. Currently, turtle farms treat eggs with gentamicin solution. Although this has reduced Salmonella shedding, it has also resulted in antimicrobial resistance. Results of our study indicate that a combination of NaOCl and PHMB may be used to suppress or eliminate Salmonella spp on RES turtle eggs and in hatchlings.
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