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Das, I., Sirsi, S., Vasudevan, K., & Murthy, B. H. C. K. (2014). Nilssonia leithii (gray 1872) – leith’s softshell turtle. In A. G. J. Rhodin, P. C. H. Pritchard, P. P. van Dijk, P. A. Saumure, K. A. Buhlmann & J. B.Iverson (Eds.), Conservation Biology of Freshwater Turtles and Tortoises: A Compilation Project of the IUCN/SSC Tortoise and Freshwater Turtle Specialist Group Vol. 5IUCN/SSC Tortoise and Freshwater Turtle Specialist Group. 
Added by: Sarina Wunderlich (06 Jul 2014 16:10:39 UTC)
Resource type: Book Article
DOI: 10.3854/crm.5.075.leithii.v1.2014
BibTeX citation key: Das2014
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Categories: General
Keywords: Chersina angulata, Habitat - habitat, Schildkröten - turtles + tortoises, Südasien - Southern Asia, Testudinidae
Creators: B.Iverson, Buhlmann, Das, van Dijk, Murthy, Pritchard, Rhodin, Saumure, Sirsi, Vasudevan
Publisher: IUCN/SSC Tortoise and Freshwater Turtle Specialist Group
Collection: Conservation Biology of Freshwater Turtles and Tortoises: A Compilation Project of the IUCN/SSC Tortoise and Freshwater Turtle Specialist Group
Views: 5/329
Views index: 23%
Popularity index: 5.75%
URLs     http://www.iucn-tftsg.org/cbftt/
Abstract     
Summary. – Leith’s Softshell Turtle, Nilssonia leithii (Family Trionychidae), is a large turtle, known to attain at least 720 mm in carapace length (bony disk plus fibrocartilage flap), and possibly as much as 1000 mm. The species inhabits the rivers and reservoirs of southern peninsular India, replacing the more familiar Indian Softshell Turtle, N. gangetica, of northern India. The turtle is apparently rare within its range, even within protected areas, which is suspected to be due to a past history of exploitation. Fish, crabs, freshwater molluscs, and mosquito larvae are taken as food, and some numbers are kept in temple tanks, where they are often fed on Hibiscus flowers. At least two clutches of eggs, which are spherical, are suspected to be produced per year. Distribution. – India. Restricted to southern peninsular India (Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Orissa, and Tamil Nadu) in the Cauvery, Thungabhadra, Ghataprabha, Bhavani, Godavari, and Moyar drainages. Synonymy. – Testudo gotaghol Buchanan-Hamilton in Gray 1831 (nomen nudum), Trionyx leithii Gray 1872, Isola leithii, Aspideretes leithii, Amyda leithii, Nilssonia leithii, Aspilus gataghol Gray 1872; Trionyx sulcifrons Annandale 1915. Subspecies. – None described. Status. – IUCN 2013 Red List: Vulnerable (VU, A1c) (assessed 2000); TFTSG Draft: Critically Endangered (CR, assessed 2011); CITES: Appendix II; Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act: Schedule IV.
Added by: Sarina Wunderlich  
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