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Zheng, C., Nie, L., Wang, J., Zhou, H., Hou, H., Wang, H., & Liu, J. (2013). Recombination and evolution of duplicate control regions in the mitochondrial genome of the asian big-headed turtle, platysternon megacephalum. PLoS ONE, 8(12), e82854. 
Added by: Sarina Wunderlich (06 Jul 2014 16:17:31 UTC)
Resource type: Journal Article
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0082854
BibTeX citation key: Zheng2013
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Categories: General
Keywords: Chelonia mydas, Cheloniidae, Genetik - genetics, Schildkröten - turtles + tortoises
Creators: Hou, Liu, Nie, Wang, Wang, Zheng, Zhou
Collection: PLoS ONE
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URLs     http://www.plosone ... urnal.pone.0082854
Complete mitochondrial (mt) genome sequences with duplicate control regions (CRs) have been detected in various animal species. In Testudines, duplicate mtCRs have been reported in the mtDNA of the Asian big-headed turtle, Platysternon megacephalum, which has three living subspecies. However, the evolutionary pattern of these CRs remains unclear. In this study, we report the completed sequences of duplicate CRs from 20 individuals belonging to three subspecies of this turtle and discuss the micro-evolutionary analysis of the evolution of duplicate CRs. Genetic distances calculated with MEGA 4.1 using the complete duplicate CR sequences revealed that within turtle subspecies, genetic distances between orthologous copies from different individuals were 0.63% for CR1 and 1.2% for CR2app:addword:respectively, and the average distance between paralogous copies of CR1 and CR2 was 4.8%. Phylogenetic relationships were reconstructed from the CR sequences, excluding the variable number of tandem repeats (VNTRs) at the 3′ end using three methods: neighbor-joining, maximum likelihood algorithm, and Bayesian inference. These data show that any two CRs within individuals were more genetically distant from orthologous genes in different individuals within the same subspecies. This suggests independent evolution of the two mtCRs within each P. megacephalum subspecies. Reconstruction of separate phylogenetic trees using different CR components (TAS, CD, CSB, and VNTRs) suggested the role of recombination in the evolution of duplicate CRs. Consequently, recombination events were detected using RDP software with break points at ≈290 bp and ≈1,080 bp. Based on these results, we hypothesize that duplicate CRs in P. megacephalum originated from heterological ancestral recombination of mtDNA. Subsequent recombination could have resulted in homogenization during independent evolutionary events, thus maintaining the functions of duplicate CRs in the mtDNA of P. megacephalum.
Added by: Sarina Wunderlich  
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