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Al-Kindi, A. Y. A., Mahmoud, I. Y., Woller, M. J., & Plude, J. L. (2006). Oviductal morphology in relation to hormonal levels in the snapping turtle, chelydra serpentina. Tissue and Cell, 38(1), 19–33. 
Added by: Admin (14 Aug 2008 20:31:51 UTC)   Last edited by: Beate Pfau (20 Mar 2009 18:31:15 UTC)
Resource type: Journal Article
DOI: doi:10.1016/j.tice.2005.10.001
BibTeX citation key: AlKindi2006
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Categories: General
Keywords: Chelydra, Chelydra serpentina, Chelydridae, Fortpflanzung = reproduction, Morphologie = morphology, Physiologie = physiology, Schildkröten = turtles + tortoises
Creators: Al-Kindi, Mahmoud, Plude, Woller
Collection: Tissue and Cell
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Microscopic and in situ visual observations were used to relate circulating hormone levels to morphological changes in the oviduct of the snapping turtle Chelydra serpentina throughout the ovarian cycle. Increase in levels of progesterone (P), estradiol (E(2)) and testosterone (T) levels coincide with an increase in number and growth of endometrial glands, luminal epithelial cells and secretory droplets throughout the oviduct. Testosterone and estradiol levels rose significantly (P<0.05) after the May-June period and remained high throughout the rest of the summer. Progesterone levels remained stable throughout the summer, with a brief decline in July due to luteolysis. Hormonal values declined significantly (P<0.001) at the end of the ovarian cycle in the fall. In situ visual observation of fresh oviducts at different stages of gravidity in recently ovulated turtles revealed that proteinaceous like components from the endometrial glands were released into the lumen to form fibers. The morphological features of the oviduct remained active throughout the summer months even though the snapping turtle is a monoclutch species which deposits all the eggs in late-May to mid-June. The high steroid levels correlate with and may be responsible for the secretory activity present throughout the summer and their decline correlates with change to low secretory activity in the fall. Calcium deposition accompanied by morphological changes in luminal cells are suggestive of secretory activity. In the egg-bearing turtles, uterine Ca(2+) concentrations measured by flame atomic absorption spectrophotometry revealed significantly higher Ca(2+) concentrations (P<0.001) in eggs with soft shell than eggs without shell. There was a significant increase in calcium granules and proteinaceous fibers in luminal surface of the uterus during the period of eggshelling. This supports the fact that in the snapping turtle like in other reptiles, eggshelling process occurs in the uterus.
Added by: Admin  Last edited by: Beate Pfau
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