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Chitty, J., & Raftery, A. (2013). Essentials of tortoise medicine and surgery. John Wiley & Sons. 
Added by: Admin (06 Jan 2014 18:24:14 UTC)
Resource type: Book
BibTeX citation key: Chitty2013
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Categories: General
Keywords: Bakterien - bacteria, Geochelone sulcata, Parasiten - parasites, Schildkröten - turtles + tortoises, Technik - equipment, Testudinidae, Untersuchungsmethoden - examination method, Veterinärmedizin - veterinary medicine, Viren - viruses
Creators: Chitty, Raftery
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Views: 6/821
Views index: 21%
Popularity index: 5.25%
Abstract     
Part I Introduction 1 1 Biology 3 1.1 Species and Family Overview 31.2 Natural History 91.3 Sex Determination and Incubation o Eggs 201.4 Physiology/Anatomy 271.5 Chelonian Behaviour 34 2 Husbandry 41 2.1 The Husbandry Review 412.2 Hibernation 50 3 Practice Needs 54 3.1 Equipment 543.2 Economics 563.3 Hospitalisation 593.4 Instructions or Receptionists 62 4 Examination 63 4.1 Transport Guidelines 634.2 History and Examination Techniques 644.3 Handling 764.4 Zoonoses 78 5 Basic Techniques 80 5.1 Venipuncture and Sample Handling 805.2 Toenail Trimming 875.3 Beak Trim 905.4 Stomach Tubing 935.5 Injection Techniques and Therapeutics 975.6 Fluid Therapy 1025.7 Cytological Sampling and Biopsy 1055.8 Microchipping 1085.9 Euthanasia 112 6 General Anaesthesia 1147 Imaging 120 7.1 Radiography 1207.2 Ultrasound 1277.3 Endoscopy and Biopsy 1307.4 Advanced Imaging Techniques 137 8 Surgery 139 8.1 Surgery Needs and Equipment 1398.2 Haemostasis 1428.3 Surgical Techniques 143 9 Clinical Pathology 150 9.1 Haematology and Serum Biochemistry 1509.2 Parasitology 1639.3 Microbiology 1669.4 Post-mortem Examination Techniques 174 Part II Presentations 179 10 Anorexia 18111 Diarrhoea 18512 Dyspnoea 187 12.1 Respiratory Disease 18712.2 Coelomic Cavity Distension 191 13 Otitis Media/Aural Abscess 19214 Egg Retention/Dystocia 19515 Fallen in Pond 19816 Follicular Stasis 20017 Orthopaedics 20518 Fractures o the Shell 21619 Hepatic Lipidosis 22220 Lameness 22521 Lethargy 22922 Sot Tissue Masses 23123 Nasal Discharge 23524 Ocular and Conjunctival/Palpebral Swelling 23925 Ocular Opacities and Blindness 24226 Generalised Oedema or Anasarca 248 Chelonian species are not social species. However, aggregation is observed in the field, though in studies of Gopherus species it is thought that this only occurs when population densities are high enough. In addition, urine and faeces from ‘dominant’ males was found to drive some animals away from group sleeping sites. It is therefore possible to surmise that keeping groups of tortoises together may be stressful to some individuals, especially subordinate males. Deformed shells often do not cause any obvious clinical signs in the animal. However, sometimes the shape of the shell is such that it rubs on the skin as the tortoise is walking, eventually leading to ulceration of the skin. Shell abnormalities can also affect the anatomical position and range of movement of the legs, thus affecting ambulation. This chapter talks about shell distortion and shell flattening, which is normal in some species; for example, the pancake tortoise. Pyramiding of the shell is most common in herbivorous tortoises, with Geochelone sulcata, the African Spur-thighed tortoise, being the most commonly affected species presented. There are various theories as to the cause of pyramiding. The chapter discusses shell discoloration, changes to scute appearance, and softening of the shell.
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