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Cupp, E. W., Zhang, D., Yue, X., Cupp, M. S., Guyer, C., Sprenger, T. R., & Unnasch, T. R. (2004). Identification of reptilian and amphibian blood meals from mosquitoes in an eastern equine encephalomyelitis virus focus in central alabama. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 71, 272–276. 
Added by: Sarina Wunderlich (06 Jul 2014 16:10:38 UTC)
Resource type: Journal Article
BibTeX citation key: Cupp2004
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Categories: General
Keywords: Blut - blood, Habitat - habitat, Nordamerika - North America, Parasiten - parasites, Schildkröten - turtles + tortoises
Creators: Cupp, Cupp, Guyer, Sprenger, Unnasch, Yue, Zhang
Collection: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
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Views index: 24%
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Abstract     
Uranotaenia sapphirina, Culex erraticus, and Cx. peccator were collected in an enzootic eastern equine encephalomyelitis (EEE) virus focus in central Alabama (Tuskegee National Forest) from 2001 to 2003 and analyzed for virus as well as host selection. EEE virus was detected in each species every year except 2003, when pools of Cx. peccator were negative. Most (97%) of the 130 Cx. peccator blood meals identified were from ectothermic hosts; 3% were from birds. Among blood meals from reptiles (approximately 75% of the total), 81% were from Agkistrodon piscivorus (cottonmouth); all amphibian blood meals (approximately 25%) were from Rana spp. with > 50% taken from the bullfrog R. catesbeiana. Host identifications were made from 131 of 197 Cx. erraticus, but only 3 (2%) were derived from ectothermic species. Identification of Ur. sapphirina blood meals proved difficult and only 2 of 35 hosts were determined. Both were from R. catesbeiana. Ectothermic species are possible EEE virus reservoirs in the southeastern United States where species such as Cx. peccator and Ur. sapphirina occur with large, diverse reptilian, amphibian, and avian populations such as those at the Tuskegee site. Terrapene carolina Trachemys scripta
Added by: Sarina Wunderlich  
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